HENRI FAYOL (1841 - 1925)
Students of the history of management thought will be familiar with the name "Henri Fayol". References to his name are found quite frequently in management texts and Ansoff has argued that Fayol "anticipated imaginatively and soundly most of the more recent analyses of modern business practice". The purpose of this brief guide is to introduce you to some of the works by and about Henri Fayol.
WORKS BY FAYOL
General and Industrial Management. HD 31.F285 1949.
The Business Library has 4 copies of this edition which was translated from the French by Constance Storrs. For an analysis of this version see the article by M.B. Brodie, "Henri Fayol: Administration Industrielle et Generale - a re-interpretation", Public Administration, Vol. 40, Autumn, 1962, p. 311.(DBW periodical).
Industrial and General Administration. HD 31.F284 1930.
This is the first English translation of the book listed above. It was translated by J.A. Coubrough 13 years after the original was published in book form in France. It also contains a speech delivered by Fayol at the closing session of the International Mining and Metallurgical Congress in 1900. As well, on page 83, one will find a bibliography of the essays published by Fayol in various journals and some entries to French and German publications on Fayolism.
"The Administrative Theory of the State," p.99 in Papers on the Science of Administration, ed. by L. Gulick and L. Urwick. JF 1351.G8.
WORKS ABOUT FAYOL
For early biographical sketches see the introductory essay by Urwick in the Storr's edition of General and Industrial Management and the introductory remarks in the Coubrough translation. Urwick has also published at least two other pieces on Fayol. See, "Henri Fayol" in the Golden Book of Management: An Historical Record of the Life and Work of Seventy Pioneers ( HD 31.U73 1963), and "The Function of Administration with Special Reference to the Work of Henri Fayol", in Papers on the Science of Administration ( JF 1351.G8). For another brief biographical sketch see p. 39 of Vol. 1,The Making of Scientific Management: Thirteen Pioneers ( HD 31.U75). For a more thorough treatment, refer to Brodie's, Fayol on Administration ( JF 1351.B67). For background information on the period during which Fayol was managing and writing see, The Miners of Decazeville: A Genealogy of Deindustrialization by Donald Reid (DBW stack HD 8039.M62F869 1985).
Fayol continues to be discussed in the current literature. In Real Managers,( HD 31.L865 1988) Luthans attempts to "explode the myth" of the classical ideas of Fayol. For a rejoinder to this interpretation see Wren's "Was Henri Fayol a Real Manager?" in Best Papers Proceedings: Academy of Management 50th Annual Meeting, 1990, p. 138. ( HD 28.A244). Of course Wren also discusses Fayol in his The Evolution of Management Thought ( HD 30.W73). See also: "Henri Fayol and Administration" on p.45 in Management Theory: From Taylorism to Japanization ( HD31.S442 1997); "Thinkers: Henri Fayol" on p.85 in The Financial Times Handbook of Management ( HD38.15.F56 1995); "Planning: Henri Fayol" on p.93 in Management and Organizational Behavior Classics ( HD31.M2917 1993); "Henri Fayol" on p.126 in Great Writers on Organizations (DBW stack HM131.P74 1993) and "General Principles of Management" on p.56 in Classics of Organization Theory (DBW stack HD31.C56 1992).
Update: For a relatively recent article and updated bibliography see: "Re-Visiting Fayol: Anticipating Contemporary Management," Lee. D. Parker & Philip A. Ritson, British Journal of Management, Vol.16, No.3, September, 2005, p.175. Here is an abstract:
"This study argues that in classifying Fayol as a founding father of the Classical Management School, we have to some extent misrepresented this still important management theorist. The received Fayol portrayed in contemporary texts invariably emerges as a caricature of a much more insightful, complex, visionary and rounded management thinker. This study re-examines Fayol's personal and career history, as well as the arguments presented in his original work, General and Industrial Management. It finds that he was a much more complex and multidimensional figure than his conventional stereotype today, and that his management theories embraced a wider spectrum of approaches and concepts than traditionally identified with the classical management school of thought. In marked contrast to his traditional portrayal, this study uncovers traces of ideas and concepts that anticipated aspects of the human relations movement, systems-based contingency theory, the movement towards greater employee involvement in decision-making and elements of knowledge management."
For a few other articles see:
"Information: The seventh management function?", K.G.B. Bakewell, Library Management, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1994, p.28 33.
"Management Education in Poland", C. Wankel, Review of Business, Vol. 13, No. 4, Spring, 1992 p.13 15.
"Toward a Revival of the Principles of Management", E.R. Archer, Industrial Management, Vol. 32, No. 1, Jan/Feb 1990, p.19 22.
"The Relevance of Management Principles and Techniques to the Smaller Information Unit", K.G.B. Bakewell, Library Management, Vol. 10, No. 6, 1989, p.15 23.
"Successful Management Based on Key Principles", C. A. Mowll, Healthcare Financial Management, Vol. 43,
No. 6, June 1989, p.122, 124 (BUSPER).
"Management Practices in the Analysis of Flawed Social Systems (Part One)", W.C. Pope, Occupational Hazards, Vol. 50, No. 4, April 1988, p.71 74.
"Management Practices in the Analysis of Flawed Social Systems (Part Two)", W.C. Pope, Occupational Hazards, Vol. 50, No. 5, May 1988, p.107.
"The Historical Roots of the Democratic Challenge to Authoritarian Management", W. Gomberg, Human Resource Management, Vol. 24, No. 3, Fall, 1985, p.253 269. (BUSPER).
"Harvest from the Archives: The Search for Fayol and Carlioz", J.D. Breeze, Journal of Management, Vol.11, No.1, Spring, 1985, p.43. (BUSPER)
"Images and Ideals of Managerial Work: A Critical Examination of Conceptual and Empirical Accounts", H.C. Willmott, Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 21, No.3, July 1984, p.349. (BUSPER).
"Control and the Management Function", G. Pogue, Management Accounting London , Vol. 61, No. 9, Oct. 1983, p.44 45 (BUSPER).
"Barnard on the Nature of Elitist Responsibility", W.G. Scott, Public Administration Review, Vol. 42, No. 3, May/Jun 1982, p.197 201 (DBWPER JK1.P85, LAWPER K16.U445).
"Henri Fayol's Basic Tools of Administration", by J.D. Breeze, in Proceedings of the 41st Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, 1981, p.101. ( HD 28.A244).
"Henri Fayol: A New Definition of Administration", by J.D. Breeze, in Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management, 1980 ( HD 28.A244).