Western Libraries

Biography - Frederick I. Herzberg (1923-2000)

Frederick I. Herzberg (1923-2000)

"One of the most influential management teachers and consultants of the postwar era..." died on January 18, 2000 in Salt Lake City. Herzberg had been in Utah since 1972 when he was asked to join the University of Utah's College of Business, then headed by George Odiorne. The quotation above was taken from the obituary from the New York Times, Feb. 1, 2000, which was reprinted in the Globe and Mail: "Frederick Herzberg: Challenged Thinking on Work and Motivation", February 2, 2000, r8. The original by Barnaby J. Feder appeared in the Times on Feb.1. Another notice can be found in The Deseret News, Jan.21, 2000, but the longest and most detailed obituary appeared in The Virginian Pilot, (Norfolk) on January 22, 2000. All of the above (with the exception of the Globe) can be found on Lexis/Nexis.

Herzberg was born in Lynn, Massachusetts on April 18, 1923. He did his undergraduate work at CCNY and then obtained graduate degrees at the University of Pittsburg. Prior to his move to Utah, Herzberg was professor of management at Case Western Reserve University where he established the Department of Industrial Mental Health.

In The Virginian-Pilot it was noted that "The Father of Job Enrichment" and the originator of the "Motivation-Hygiene Theory" "became both an icon and a legend among post-war visionaries such as Abraham Maslow, Peter Drucker and Douglas MacGregor. In academic, management and scholarly circles, the mention of the surname 'Herzberg' alone was sufficient to indicate an awareness and knowledge of his concepts and contributions. In 1995, the International Press announced that his book Work and the Nature of Man [see below] was listed as one of the 10 most important books impacting management theory and practice in the 20th century." Appended to the end of this document is an advertisement taken from the 1975 issue of Canadian Manager magazine indicating that Herzberg was a speaker at the 1975 Annual Conference of the Canadian Institute of Management.

The purpose of this brief guide is to lead you quickly to books and articles about Herzberg and his theories. For a quick synopsis, a good place to begin is with Vol. 1 of Theories and Models in Applied Behavioral Science which is located in the Reference Collection of the Business Library (HD 31.T4857 1991). See the discussion at page 251 under "Motivation-Hygiene Factors".

Books in the Western Libraries by Frederick Herzberg
(in reverse chronological order)

One More Time: How do you motivate employees. BUS stack HF5549.5.M63H47 2008.
This is an essay that was origianally published in the Harvard Business Review (V.46, Iss.1, Jan/Feb 1968, pp.53-62). Harvard Business Review has published this article several times and it is now available in book form at the Business Library as well as King's.

The Managerial Choice: To Be Efficient and to Be Human. HF 5549.5.I5H47 1976.

Work and the Nature of Man. HF 5549.5.J63 H4 1973
This is a Mentor Executive Library reprint of the 1966 edition.

Work and the Nature of Man. DBW stack HF 5549.5.J63H4 1966

The Motivation to Work. DBW stack HD 4904.H49 1959
The co-authors of this work are Bernard Mausner and Barbara Bloch Snyderman.

Chapters by or about Herzberg in books in the Western Libraries
(in reverse chronological order)


Guide to the Management Gurus: Shortcuts to the Ideas of Leading Management Figures, Carol Kennedy,
BUS stack HD 30.5.K45 1998.
See Chapter 15: "Frederick Herzberg: 'Motivation' and 'Maintenance' Factors in Job Satisfaction"

Management Innovators: The People and Ideas That Have Shaped Modern Business, Daniel A. Wren.
BUS stack HC 102.5.A2W73 1998.
In the chapter on "Motivators" there is a section on Herzberg beginning on p.182

Management Theory from Taylorism to Japanization, by John Sheldrake. BUS stack HD 13.S442 1997
See Chapter 15: "Frederick Herzberg and the Motivation to Work".

In Search of Meaning: Managing for the Health of our Organizations, Our Communities, and the Natural World, Thierry C. Pauchant. BUS stack HD 31.P348 1995.
See: "The Four Questions of Life: Their Effect on Human Motivation and Organizational Behavior" by Herzberg. (p.244).

Management and Organizational Behavior Classics, ed. by Michael T. Hatteson & John M. Ivancevich.
BUS stack HD 31.M2917 1993.
See "New Approaches in Management Organization and Job Design", by Herzberg (p.376).

Great Writers on Organizations, Derek Pugh and David J. Hickson. DBW stack HM 131.P74 1993 (the Omnibus edition).
In Section 6 on "People in Organizations" see the essay on Herzberg on p. 222.

Milestones in Management: An Essential Reader, ed. by Henry M. Strage. BUS stack HD 31.M4373 1992.
See "One More Time: How Do You Motivate Employees?" by Herzberg.

Managing People and Organizations/ Readings, selected by John J. Gabarro. BUS stack HD 31.M293918 1992
See "One More Time: How Do You Motivate Employees?" by Herzberg.

Great Ideas in Management: Lessons From the Founders and Foundations of Managerial Practice, Jack Duncan.
BUS stack HD 30.5.D86 1989.
See "From the Individual to the Job: Herzberg's Two-Factor Theory of Motivation".

Further Developments in Management Thought, Harold R. Pollard. BUS stack HD 30.5.P643 1978.
See Chapter 16 - "F. Herzberg".

Developments in Management Thought, Harold R. Pollard. BUS stack HD 30.5.P64 1974
See Chapter 18 - "Frederick Herzberg".

Selected Articles by Frederick Herzberg


Articles by Herzberg may be located by using the bibliographies in the works noted above or by using the print and electronic indexes available in the Business Library. Perhaps the most influential essay by Herzberg - one that is found reprinted in some of the books above - appeared in the Harvard Busines Review: "One More Time: How Do You Motivate Employees?" (Sept./Oct. 1987). Herzberg wrote often for Industry Week magazine, which is also available in the Business Library. Here are some samples:

Selected Articles by Herzberg from Industry Week:

"Worker's Needs", Sept. 21, 1987, V.234, No.6, p.29 (3pages)
"Overcoming the Betrayals of the '80s", July 13, 1987, V.234, No.1, p.38 (5 pages)
"Where is the Passion... And the Other Elements of Innovation?", Nov. 11, 1985, V.227, No.3, p.37 (4 pages)
"Managing Egos - East vs West: Seeking Answers That Motivate", Dec. 10, 1984, V.223, No.6, p.49 (3 pages)
"What Should I Do? Participation: Harmony or Conflict?" (Part 2), Nov 26, 1984, V.223, No.5, p.58 (4 pages)
"Mystery Systems Shape Loyalties" (Part 1), Nov 12, 1984, V.223, No.4, p.101 (3 pages)
"Remedies for Depression and Burnout", Feb. 7, 1983, V.216, No.3, p.38 (2 pages)
"Down the Staircase to Depression" (Part 2), Jan 24, 1983, V.216, No.2, p.34 (3 pages)
"Up the Staircase to Productivity Burnout", Jan 10, 1983, V.216, No.1, p. 65 (3 pages)
"The Lonely Struggle to Develop Character", Aug. 23, 1982, V.214, No.4, p.29.
"Productivity Begins with the Individual", Nov 30, 1981, V.211, No.5, p.82 (3 pages)
"Individual Motivation: Group Dynamics at the Roundtable" (Part 1), Nov 16, 1981, V.211, No.4, p.38 (3 pages)
"Maximizing Work & Minimizing Labor", Oct 13, 1980, V.207, No.1, p. 60.
"Humanities: Practical Management Education", Sept. 29, 1980, V.206, No.7, p.68.
"Leadership in a Period of Psychological Depression", Sep 15, 1980, V.206, No.6, p.54.
"Herzberg on Motivation for the 80's: Piecing Together Generations of Values", Oct. 1, 1979, V.203, No.1, p.58.
"Participation is Not a Motivator", Sept. 4, 1978, V.198, No.5, p.38.
"Careerists, Accomplishers, and the Obsolete", Aug. 21, 1978, V.198, No.4, p.57.
"The Dynamics of Caring", Aug. 7, 1978, V.198, No.3, p.61.
"The Human Need for Work" (Part 1), July 24, 1978, V.198, No.2, p.48.
"Managing People in an Era of Hopelessness", Nov. 11, 1974, V.183, No.6, p.44.
"Economic Crisis and Work Motivation", Feb, 25, 1974, V.180, No.8, p.54
"Why Bother to Work?", July 16, 1973, V.178, No.3, p.46.