Origins of Basketball

James Naismith

James Naismith, commonly know as the inventor of basketball.

Two teams of five compete to get a ball into the raised hoop of the opposing team and the team is awarded two points for every one they manage to get in.

This – is basketball.

Now known worldwide through big-time National Basketball Association players such as Michael Jordan, Shaquille O’Neal and Lebron James, among many others, basketball actually had its humble beginnings as a college sport to fill the void in the football off-season.

The person behind its creation was Canadian-born professor, Dr. James Naismith. Dr. Naismith, originally from Almonte, Ontario, moved to Springfield, Massachusetts, in 1890 to become an instructor in physical education and to play football at Springfield College. When the football season ended, there was a lull in the students’ athletic program. They needed something to help keep up their training, but that could also be played indoors during the winter months.

So, the following year, Dr. Naismith came up with the idea of placing peach baskets at each end of the gymnasium, ten feet above the ground, and having players shoot medicine balls into them.

 And basketball was born.