Western Libraries

How do I cite multiple authors?

Our Western Libraries APA Style Guide has instructions on citing multiple authors.

Two Authors:

General Format:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of book. Place of Publication: Publisher.

Example:

McIntyre, M., & Thomlinson, E. (2003). Realities of Canadian nursing: Professional,
practice, and power issues. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Note in running text: …as McIntyre and Thomlinson (2003) argued….
Note outside running text: …as has been published (McIntyre & Thomlinson, 2003)….

Three to Five Authors:

Example:

Henggeler, S. W., Mihalic, S., Rone, L., Thomas, C., & Timmons-Mitchell, J.

First note in running text: …as Henggeler, Mihalic, Rone, Tomas, and Timmons-
Mitchell (2007) alerted….
Subsequent notes in running text: …as Henggeler et al. (2007) stated….
First note outside running text: …as has been formulated (Henggeler, Mihalic, Rone,
Tomas, & Timmons-Mitchell, 2007)….
Subsequent notes outside running text: …as has been stated (Henggeler et al.,
2007)….

Six or Seven Authors:

Example:
Lambert, M. J., Hansen, N. B., Umphress, V., Lunnen, K., Okiishi, J., & Burlingame, G. M.

First and subsequent notes in running text: …as Lambert et al. (2006) published….
First and subsequent notes outside running text: …as has been argued (Lambert et al.,
2006)….

Eight or More Authors

For your Reference List, show the first six authors, followed by three ellipses, followed
by the last author.

Example:
Santin, J., Hesketh, I., Thorley, C., Payne, L. D., Davies, B. L., Shaheen, M., … Mitchell, L. H.


First and subsequent notes in running text: …as Santin et al. (2009) stated….
First and subsequent notes outside running text: …as has been examined (Santin et al., 2009)….

APA Manual All information and page number references are based on the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2009/10).